An arrangement of distinct numbers in a grid, where the numbers in each row, column and main diagonals add up to the same sum, is a peculiar example of ancient mathematics.
2 7 6
9 5 1
4 3 8
(Here the sum is 15.)
The constant that is the sum of every row, column and diagonal is called the magic constant, M. Every normal magic square has a constant dependent on n, calculated by the formula:
M = [n(n2 + 1)] / 2.
For normal magic squares of order n = 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, the magic constants are, respectively: 15, 34, 65, 111, 175, and 260.
The earliest example is the one of the Lo Shu square (as early as 650 BC) in China. In Albrecht Dürer's magic square the sum 34 can be found in the rows, columns, diagonals, each of the quadrants, the center four squares, and the corner squares.
16 3 2 13
5 10 11 8
9 6 7 12
4 15 14 1
A magic square is also featured on the walls of Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, designed by Gaudi.
In the mid-nineteenth century, an amateur puzzle enthusiast in New York named Palmer Chapman made a physical model of a fourth-order magic square but left out one piece so that the individual cells could slide around. This was known as the 15 Puzzle. In the 1970’s, Erno Rubrik, a Hungarian designer, was attempting to recreate the 15 puzzle in three dimensions when he came up with the Rubik’s Cube.
It was been a pleasure to take part in a workshop on museum and gallery visiting empowered by technology and the concept of gift-giving.
The workshop was led by Lesley Fosh -
a PhD candidate in the Mixed Reality Lab and Horizon Centre for Doctoral Training at the University of Nottingham, whose research looks at the design of mobile visiting experiences for museums and art galleries ( both personalised and supportive of group visiting), combining human-computer interaction with museum studies.
Teamed with several arts and business professionals (the Creative Quarter, University of Nottingham, New Art Exchange, Nottingham Castle), various problem-solving, concept and business development activities constituted the day.
YouTube launched its people's voice campaign to look back on the best video ads in its history. There are many very powerful commercials, such as Old Spice | The Man Your Man Could Smell Like, Dove | Real Beauty Sketches, Friskies | Dear Kitten, Save the Children | Most Shocking Second a Day.
Yet this particular ad by Saatchi & Saatchi LA is the one I have not seen before and which stayed with me due to its tongue-in-cheek lyrics, the factor of the unexpected and, perhaps, faux pas hip-hop.
Uploaded on 2 May 2010
"Watch as the Sienna Family drops their hot new single, Swagger Wagon. This goes out to all you minivan families out there who get a Sienna SE for space but fill it with your family's swagger.
To learn more about the Sienna SE visit http://toyota.com/sienna or download the free MP3 at http://toyotaswaggerwagon.com"
Swagger Wagon by Toyota
In March I was asked to support a wonderful event Offspring Photomeet, which provides a platform for photographers to showcase their work, get reviewed by professional editors and artists, meet new collaborators and learn. Photomeet is a great initiative by photography professionals in London to nurture links in the industry and beyond.
Monica Allende photo editor Sunday Times Magazine / Simon Bainbridge editor British Journal of Photography / Tony Bell photo editor The Observer New Review / Helene Binet photographer / Emma Bowkett photo editor The FT Weekend Magazine / Giacomo Brunelli photographer / Polly Bradenphotographer / Tim Clark editor 1000 Words / Kate Edwards photo editor Guardian Weekend Magazine / George Georgiou photographer / Lydia Goldblatt photographer / Pal Hansen photographer/ Eleanor Macnair Photography Communication Consultant / Mimi Mollica photographer / Johanna Neurath design director & commissioning editor Thames & Hudson / Laura Pannack photographer / Lou Siroy photo editor The Times / Frede Spencer director Twenty Twenty / Muir Vidler photographer
SATURDAY - Brandei Estes, Deputy Director at Sotheby's & Helen Trompeteler , Associate Curator of Photographs at the NPG
SUNDAY - Ken Flaherty, Founder of Doomed Gallery & Matt Martin, Founder Photocopy Club
George Georgiou's Last Stop official London launch.
AS attending the D&AD Judging Week 2015 this week was a joy, and I have a long-standing interest in communications in film...here we are.
Volkswagen. Incredibly scary. Please do not mention the air bags.
This advert reminds me of another 'Eyes on the Road" campaign for Chevrolet. See here.
Prince's Trust. No explanation required.
St. John Ambulance. A different commercial was presented during the festival, with a mother trying to get into a swimming pool, where her child is drowning. Unfortunately for her, the surface of the pool turned into a solid barrier.
So now my website will feature a blog from now on: newly curated material alongside some from my archive. Topics will include: VISUAL ARTS AND CULTURE, TECHNOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, WRITTEN WORD, and more.